Periodontics: gum disease, gingivitis, periodontal disease

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Periodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases that affect the gums and other tissues surrounding the teeth. Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common condition that affects many people. It is caused by the buildup of plaque and bacteria in the mouth, which can lead to inflammation, infection, and damage to the gums and other tissues. Learn more

Gingivitis is the earliest and mildest form of gum disease. It is caused by the buildup of plaque and bacteria on the teeth and gums, which can cause inflammation and redness. Gingivitis can be easily treated and reversed with proper dental care, such as regular brushing and flossing, and professional cleanings.

If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontal disease, which is a more serious condition that can cause damage to the gums, teeth, and bone that supports the teeth. Periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss and other serious health problems, such as heart disease and diabetes. Explore more

There are several types of periodontal disease, including chronic periodontitis, aggressive periodontitis, and necrotizing periodontitis. Chronic periodontitis is the most common form of the disease, and it is characterized by inflammation and damage to the gums and bone that support the teeth. Aggressive periodontitis is a more severe form of the disease that can cause rapid and severe damage to the gums and bone. Necrotizing periodontitis is a rare but serious form of the disease that can cause tissue death and damage to the bone.

It is important to seek professional dental care if you suspect that you have gum disease or periodontal disease. A dentist or periodontist can diagnose the condition and develop a treatment plan to help manage the symptoms and prevent further damage.

Treatment for gum disease and periodontal disease may include professional cleanings, scaling and root planing, medication, and surgery. Professional cleanings are typically performed every six months and involve removing plaque and tartar buildup from the teeth and gums. Scaling and root planing is a deeper cleaning procedure that is used to remove plaque and bacteria from below the gumline. Medications may be prescribed to help control infection and inflammation, and surgery may be necessary to repair damage to the gums and bone.

It is important to note that attempting to treat gum disease or periodontal disease on your own can be dangerous and can lead to further damage to the gums and teeth. Over-the-counter products and home remedies may provide temporary relief, but they are not a substitute for professional dental care. In fact, some home remedies, such as using baking soda or hydrogen peroxide to whiten teeth or remove stains, can actually cause damage to the enamel and increase the risk of gum disease and tooth decay.

In addition to seeking professional dental care, there are several steps that you can take to prevent gum disease and periodontal disease. These include practicing good oral hygiene, such as brushing and flossing regularly, using an antiseptic mouthwash, and avoiding tobacco products. Eating a healthy diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can also help prevent gum disease and other oral health problems.

In conclusion, gum disease and periodontal disease are serious conditions that can cause significant damage to the gums, teeth, and bone. Seeking professional dental care is essential for proper diagnosis and treatment of these conditions. By practicing good oral hygiene and making healthy lifestyle choices, you can help prevent gum disease and maintain good oral health for a lifetime.

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